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CRO Correspondence Course Suspension

We at the NROI value safety and quality above all else. To that end we have decided to discontinue the Level II (CRO) correspondence course. All future courses will be in-person seminars only. We have found that the quality of the course material is best presented in this format with feedback and interaction with other students and face time with the instructor. We will finish up any currently enrolled students and discontinue to take any more applications immediately.



NROI Interpretation for the Production Division Equipment Rules (Appendix D4)

March 7, 2009

General interpretation(s):

In accordance with the direction of the Board and their statement of intent with regard to Production Division equipment rules, NROI hereby issues the following ruling......READ MORE



Frequently Asked Questions for the Production Division Equipment Rules (Appendix D4)

March 7, 2009

1) Is there a minimum trigger-pull weight in USPSA Production Division?

ANSWER: Not at this time.

2) In the new interpretation, I can modify or replace internal parts. May I remove parts or add new ones?

ANSWER: In general, YES. For example, you may drill a hole and add a screw inside the gun to provide an overtravel stop. However, removal or addition of parts is PROHIBITED if such removal or addition conflicts with a clause in Appendix D4 or a published NROI interpretation. For example, adding a part which can be seen from outside the gun when it is in battery would make your gun illegal for use in USPSA Production Division. Similarly, removing part of a safety mechanism would make your gun illegal for use in USPSA Production Division.

3) My Production Division gun came from the factory with a firing pin block or a trigger safety. It affects the trigger pull and I would like to disable or remove them to get a smoother or lighter trigger. Is that allowed? You probably won’t be able to tell that I have done it without disassembling my gun anyway.

ANSWER: NO. Per Appendix D4 item 22, disabling any external safety mechanism is specifically prohibited. In addition, USPSA has taken the position that ALL factory safety mechanisms must remain operable and functional on USPSA Production Division guns. As a result, disabling ANY safety mechanism on a USPSA Production Division gun is PROHIBITED. Per section 22.2 of the 2009 interpretation, a magazine-disconnect is not considered a “safety mechanism” and may be removed.

Note that it is the competitor’s responsibility to ensure that his/her equipment is in compliance with the rules. A competitor may, at any time, be required to demonstrate that all factory safety mechanisms are operable and functional on their USPSA Production Division gun.

4) My production gun is .40-caliber. In these tough economic times, we all know that 9mm is cheaper to shoot. May I put a 9mm slide and/or barrel into my Production Division gun? The manufacturer makes a similar model in 9mm and the RO probably wouldn’t be able to detect the difference without taking it apart.

ANSWER: NO. Per Appendix D4 item 21, slides and/or barrels may only be replaced if they are of the same length, contour and caliber as the original factory standard for your gun. Changing your gun to 9mm would make your gun a “new/unapproved model” which would not be legal for use in USPSA Production Division.

Note that it is the competitor’s responsibility to ensure that his/her equipment is in compliance with the rules whether a Match Official can “detect the difference” or not. We trust that our members will compete according to principles of good sportsmanship.

5) I have a Glock-17, and I know that the Glock-34 is an approved gun in the same caliber. May I put a Glock-34 barrel into my Glock-17?

ANSWER: NO. Glock has never offered a Glock-17 with that barrel length. Using a Glock-34 barrel would make your gun a “new/unapproved model” which would not be legal for USPSA Production Division.

6) I have a Glock-20 (10mm). May I switch to a .40S&W barrel? Both barrels are the same “caliber”, and .40 ammo and brass are so much less expensive.

ANSWER: NO. NROI has deemed that “caliber” means “caliber and chambering”. Glock has never offered a Glock-20 chambered for .40S&W, so changing to that barrel would make your gun a “new/unapproved model” which would not be legal for USPSA Production Division.

7) I want to use an aftermarket barrel of the same caliber, length and profile. But the barrel is a tiny bit longer. Is it okay to use?

ANSWER: It depends. NROI has deemed that an aftermarket barrel within +/- 0.1” of the original length will be considered “the same length”. A replacement barrel which is more than 0.1” longer or shorter than the factory standard for that model of gun would make your gun a “new/unapproved model” which would not be legal for USPSA Production Division.

8) I want to use an aftermarket barrel of the same caliber, length and profile. But the barrel crown is slightly different. Is it okay to use?

ANSWER: It depends. Barrels may be crowned in a variety of different styles (recessed, radiused, 11-degree, etc). A different style of crown does not, in itself, mean that the barrel has a different “contour”. However, if the crown on the replacement barrel has a substantially different configuration or function, it may be considered an “external modification” which would make your gun a “new/unapproved model” which would not be legal for USPSA Production Division. Contact NROI for an official ruling before switching to the new barrel.

Please note that the same guidance applies to re-crowning a barrel for the purposes of repairing damage or improving accuracy. A different style of crown is generally allowed, but re-crowning which results in substantially different configuration or function would be a prohibited modification.

9) I have a Glock-17, and I know that the rules allow me to replace my slide with an aftermarket slide. The slide I want to use has front cocking serrations and a lowered ejection port. Can I use that slide on my Glock-17?

ANSWER: NO. Glock has never offered a Glock-17 in that configuration, and milling a Glock-17 slide to produce those features would be a prohibited modification. As a result, using that slide would make your gun a “new/unapproved model” which would not be legal for USPSA Production Division.

10) In the new interpretation, many internal modifications are now allowed. May I modify the inside of my slide?

ANSWER: NO. Per Appendix D4 item 21, a slide may be milled for the purpose of installing sights. A slide may not be modified – internally or externally - for any other purpose.

Please note that surface polishing to improve reliability and function is allowed, but removing material or changing the shape of any surface would be considered a “modification”.

11) I see that USPSA has decided to allow me to refinish the frame of my gun. Can I paint it with “crinkle paint” or some other finish which provides some texture?

ANSWER: NO. Frames and slides may be refinished for cosmetic purposes only, and the finish cannot result in a competitive advantage. Any finish which is deemed to provide a competitive advantage – for example, a roughened texture in an area where grip tape is not allowed – would make your gun a “new/unapproved model” which would not be legal for use in USPSA Production Division.


12) I want to hard-chrome my gun, but hard-chrome provides “non-cosmetic functions” (such as lubricity, rust prevention, etc). Is hard-chroming allowed?

ANSWER: YES, as long as the new finish provides no competitive advantage (such as roughened texture where stippling or grip tape would not be allowed, per Appendix E4).

13) I once had a scope mounted on my gun, and there are holes in the frame. Is that an illegal modification?

ANSWER: It depends. If there are simply a series of small screw-holes drilled and tapped into the frame, and the gun is still within 2 ounces of standard weight, the holes would not be considered a prohibited modification. However, if it appears that the holes serve a separate purpose (such as lightening), they may be challenged by a range official or competitor. We would advise you to contact NROI for an official ruling.

14) I see that the new interpretation allows me to change the shape of the grips on my revolver. Are there limits?

ANSWER: Not at this time. NROI and the USPSA Board of Directors will be monitoring the Production Division closely, and if it appears that the freedom to change and/or modify revolver grip profiles is being abused for competitive advantage, restrictions may be imposed at a later date.

15) Are revolvers required to “fit the box” for use in USPSA Production Division?

ANSWER: NO. Per Appendix D4 item 7, revolvers are exempt from maximum size limits.

16) I am looking at buying a “custom shop” gun which is based on a model that is approved for USPSA Production Division, but has different features than the normal off-the-shelf model. Is it legal to use in competition?

ANSWER: It depends. In general, the custom shop can do any modifications which are also permitted for you to do. So, the custom shop can add texture in the permitted areas, can do internal work on trigger mechanisms, can fit an aftermarket barrel of the same length/caliber/contour, can install aftermarket sights, etc.

However, for use in the USPSA Production Division, modifications are constrained no matter who performs them. So, if a modification would make a gun illegal for use in Production Division, that modification is illegal even if it came from the manufacturer’s custom shop. For example, the custom shop may not add or remove material to change the profile of the grip-frame, add or reshape a beavertail, remove or disable safety mechanisms, add an external magwell, mill the slide to achieve a different contour, etc. Modifications which are not specifically allowed in Appendix D4 or a published NROI ruling would result in a “new/unapproved model”, illegal for use in USPSA Production Division, no matter whether those modifications are made by you, your gun-smith or the manufacturer’s custom-shop.

Please note that there is a process by which a manufacturer can freely innovate features on guns intended for USPSA Production Division. When they have produced at least 2000 units in a new configuration, they may submit the new model to NROI for approval in USPSA Production Division. When the gun has been certified as compliant with the Production Division rules, the new “custom shop” model will be added to the list of “approved guns”.


17) I have an approved Production Division gun, and the manufacturer now offers a cool mag-release button on their “custom shop” versions of that gun. Can I use that mag-release button, since it is “an OEM part”?

ANSWER: It depends. An external part which extends only the length of the magazine-release button is specifically allowed in section 21.6 of the 2009 interpretation, whether the part is OEM or aftermarket. If the part provides a larger surface area (a big head, a button, a paddle, etc) or is different than the original part in any dimension other than length, the part is only permitted if it is an OEM part available on an approved model of gun.

Note that an internal modification to a magazine-release mechanism which results in shifting the magazine-release laterally (i.e., making the part stick out further on one side of the gun) would be considered an “internal modification”, and is allowed.

Also note that parts from “custom shop” guns are only considered “OEM parts” if the “custom shop” model is on the NROI list of approved guns. If NROI has not certified the “custom shop” gun for USPSA Production Division, using a custom-shop part may be an “external modification”, resulting in a “new/unapproved model” which would be illegal for USPSA Production Division. Contact NROI for an official ruling before switching to the new part.

18) What provisions of this interpretation apply to magazines? May I modify my magazines?

ANSWER: In general, NO. All existing rules and rulings remain in effect for magazines. While there are no specified limits on magazine length, an existing ruling requires that the gun must fit in the box with a magazine inserted, and that all magazines (whether OEM or aftermarket) must be “dimensionally the same as the original magazine for that model of gun”. Adding aftermarket base pads, adding or removing material from base pads or adding grip-tape would all be considered external modifications and are not allowed. Springs and followers, for purposes of this ruling, would be considered “internal parts” and may be modified or replaced without restrictions.

19) What provisions of this interpretation apply to stippling or checkering? May I stipple or checker my mag-release button or thumb-safety lever?

ANSWER: NO. Stippling and checkering are only allowed in the areas of the frame specified in Appendix E4.
In addition, Appendix E4 specifically prohibits applying grip-tape to slide, trigger, trigger-guard, or any lever or button. For purposes of this interpretation, stippling or checkering any of those items would be a considered prohibited modification.

20) The USPSA Production Division rules have serious restrictions on external modifications. Does that mean I can do anything I want “inside the gun”, as long as it cannot be seen when the gun is in battery?

ANSWER: NO. ALL modifications are PROHIBITED in USPSA Production Division unless a specific item in Appendix D4 or a published NROI ruling clearly states that specific modification is allowed for use in USPSA Production Division.

21) I want to make a modification to my USPSA Production Division gun, and there is not a specific clause which applies but there are others which seem to imply it is okay. Am I covered?

ANSWER: NO. ALL modifications are PROHIBITED in USPSA Production Division unless a specific item in Appendix D4 or a published NROI ruling clearly states that specific modification is allowed for use in USPSA Production Division.

22) I’m pretty sure I found a “loophole”, and a modification I’d like to make and it is NOT on the list of “prohibited modifications”? As long as there is nothing that specifically says I can’t do it, am I covered?

ANSWER: NO. ALL modifications are PROHIBITED in USPSA Production Division unless a specific item in Appendix D4 or a published NROI ruling clearly states that specific modification is allowed for use in USPSA Production Division.

23) I emailed the USPSA office with a question about a modification, and they said it was okay? Am I covered?

ANSWER: NO. ALL modifications are PROHIBITED in USPSA Production Division unless a specific item in Appendix D4 or a published NROI ruling clearly states that specific modification is allowed for use in USPSA Production Division.

24) I posted a question about a modification on the forums, and the consensus is that it is okay. Am I covered?

ANSWER: NO. ALL modifications are PROHIBITED in USPSA Production Division unless a specific item in Appendix D4 or a published NROI ruling clearly states that specific modification is allowed for use in USPSA Production Division.

25) I emailed the Director of NROI with a question about a modification, and got back an email that says it is okay. Am I covered?

ANSWER: NO. ALL modifications are PROHIBITED in USPSA Production Division unless a specific item in Appendix D4 or a published NROI ruling clearly states that specific modification is allowed for use in USPSA Production Division.

26) There are a bunch of modifications which we all know have always been allowed, but I can’t find them in the new interpretation. Are they “grandfathered”?

ANSWER: NO. Chances are they were never really allowed. Production Division is the one equipment division which does NOT support “interpretation of the rules”. The intent of the USPSA Board is – and always has been – to strictly limit the types of modifications that can be done in USPSA Production Division. If you have to “connect dots” or “make assumptions” or “infer” or combine different clauses to arrive at a conclusion that something is legal… it isn’t. ALL modifications are PROHIBITED in USPSA Production Division unless a specific item in Appendix D4 or a published NROI ruling clearly states that specific modification is allowed for use in USPSA Production Division.

27) So, how do I find out if a modification is “officially” allowed in USPSA Production Division?

ANSWER: If a modification is specifically allowed, in plain English, in Appendix D4 or a published NROI interpretation, you’re good to go. If you cannot find a clause in either place which specifically authorizes the modification in question, email the Director of NROI and ask for an official ruling. When his ruling is published in Front Sight and/or on the USPSA web page, it will be “official.”

28) There’s no way I’m letting anyone take apart my gun, especially during a match. How are you going to tell whether or not my gun is legal?

ANSWER: The rules require you to be able to demonstrate that your gun is in compliance with the rules, including requiring you to be able to prove that all factory safety mechanisms are functional. You may have to take your gun apart to demonstrate those things. If you cannot – or will not - demonstrate that your gun is in full compliance with USPSA Production Division equipment rules, you will be moved to Open division in accordance with rule 6.2.5.1

29) The factory produces several versions of my Production gun – one with a firing-pin block or external thumb safety, and one without. Mine came without, but has holes in the frame or slide where it would have been. How can I “demonstrate” that I have not illegally removed those safety mechanisms?

ANSWER: Range staff cannot possibly know every factory configuration of every gun, and won’t know every detail of your particular gun. So if there is some aspect of your gun which would cause it to be challenged under these rules, we believe your best course of action is to be prepared to provide documentation about the original factory configuration of your gun. A letter from the manufacturer, a catalog page or other evidence which lists (for example) a range of serial numbers which were shipped without those safety mechanisms should be more than sufficient.

30) I made modifications because people told me they were OK, and I can’t un-do them. What am I supposed to do with this gun?

ANSWER: Limited and Limited-10 are divisions which allow more types of modifications than Production. USPSA Production Division has always strictly constrained the types of modifications allowed.

31) Why was this new interpretation created?

ANSWER: Competitors were making flawed assumptions about what the rules “mean”, and the USPSA Board felt it was important to provide as much detail and clarity to the matter as possible.

32) Is this the final and definitive set of interpretations for USPSA Production Division?

ANSWER: No. NROI will continue to issue official interpretations as questions arise. In addition, the USPSA Board is committed to preserving the Production Division as a division for competing with “stock” or “nearly stock” guns, suitable for carry purposes. As a result, NROI and the USPSA Board of Directors will be monitoring the Production Division closely and if it appears that portions of these rulings are being abused or misinterpreted, or if the new rulings prove insufficient to preserve the desired attributes of the Division, further restrictions may be imposed at a later date.

33) Do these answers have the authority of an official NROI rules interpretation?

ANSWER: YES. The answers to these FAQs are considered part of the 3/09 NROI rules interpretation and, when published in Front Sight and/or on the USPSA website shall be deemed authoritative for USPSA Production Division competition.





 
 
 


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